March 9, 2017 | Tips and Training
In Summary of Dr. Karen Becker DVM article: These Natural Flea-Busters Help Your Pet Enjoy Summer More……
The spring and summer months are flea season. Fleas flourish in temperatures between 65 and 80 degrees, with humidity in the 75 to 85 percent range.
In some locations flea season is year round. Fleas are an unpleasant annoyance, and while they don’t have the same deadly potential of other parasites, they can transmit tapeworms and even cause severe cases of anemia, especially in young animals.
Fighting a flea infestation can be challenging – especially when you’re determined to wage war without resorting to the use of toxic chemical agents in your home, yard or on your beloved pet. But be encouraged, because you can win the clean, green way with some knowledge, planning and experimentation.
Fleas have a four-stage life cycle, as follows:
Stage 1 – Egg. Adult fleas lay eggs on your pet – from 20 to 28 a day. These eggs drop off your dog or cat and grow wherever they land, which is often on your furniture, carpets, throw rugs, and other flooring.
Stage 2 – Larva. This is what the egg turns into, little worm-like creatures. Larva hatch from flea eggs.
Stage 3 – Pupa. The larva forms a pupae, a cocoon of sorts, inside which it moves through additional growth stages that can take anywhere from about 10 days all the way up to 200 to complete.
Stage 4 – Adult. Adult fleas are what the pupae evolve to and they’re what you see on your pet. They live on average about six weeks, but they can live a whole lot longer than that. The only way to remove adult fleas from their natural habitat (your dog or cat) is to kill them or pick them off.
Fleas reproduce at an incredible rate. Ten female fleas can produce over 250,000 more fleas in a single month.
Estimates are that for every adult flea on your pet, there are around 10 more wherever your pet spends time. That’s why you must eliminate not only the adults on your dog or cat, but the eggs, larva and pupa in your home, yard and your pet’s bedding.
The pupa stage is the most problematic because the cocoon is quite resistant to agents that can kill fleas in the other stages of the life cycle. The only way to eliminate pupa is by vacuuming them up and disposing of your vacuum’s contents right away. Even if you manage to kill all the adults, eggs and larvae, if you don’t get rid of the pupa, you’ll have more fleas in short order as the adults hatch from the pupae.
It takes about 45 days of diligent effort to fully resolve a flea infestation.
Parasites are drawn to the weakest of the species. So the first battle to be engaged in your war on fleas is insuring your pet’s health is optimum and her immune system is strong through a quality species appropriate diet, regular exercise, immunity can be compromised with over use of drugs or vaccinations.
Flea combing is one of the safest and best methods for removing adult fleas from your pet. Comb your dog or cat at least daily on a white or other light colored towel so you can see what you’re removing. Drop the combings into a bowl or other container of soapy water and flush it down the toilet when your combing session is over.
Even when you’re no longer seeing fleas or flea residue on your pet, it’s a good idea to continue to comb him daily until you’re sure his environment is completely flea free.
Bathe your pet frequently while you’re fighting a flea infestation. Fleas are less attracted to clean animals and the shampoo will kill any fleas on your pet if the water doesn’t get them first. The good news is even parasites can drown! Your dog or cat will feel better after a soothing bath as well.
Vacuuming all the areas of your house your pet has access to is the best and safest way to control fleas in your home. And it’s a virtual necessity for removing fleas in various growth stages so they don’t reach adulthood.
You should vacuum carpet, rugs, bare floors, furniture, pillows, your pet’s bedding and even your own if your pet sleeps with you.
Dispose of the contents of your vacuum immediately, away from your house.
I don’t recommend chemical products to eliminate fleas in or outside your home except in extreme situations or when less harmful approaches have failed.
There are much safer flea eradication alternatives available, including:
Diatomaceous earth (DE). You can apply a light dusting of food grade diatomaceous earth (DE) on your carpets, bare floors, your pet (take care not to get it in or near his eyes) and his bedding. Make sure the DE is food grade, not pool filter grade as the latter is toxic if ingested. Diatomaceous earth is a naturally occurring porous rock composed of the shells of diatoms, which are one-celled algae with cell walls of silica. This light-colored, porous rock forms a fine white powder when crushed. The powder kills fleas by dehydrating them from the outside in.
Cedar oil. Like diatomaceous earth, cedar oil can be applied to your environment and pet bedding, as well as directly on your dog or cat. It is an all-natural insect repellent.
Sodium polyborate powder. You can apply this powder to your carpets and wood floors to get rid of fleas at the larval stage. Instructions at Fleabusters.com state you should keep pets and children out of the room while you’re applying the product, but they can come into the area safely immediately afterward.
Mosquito Barrier. This is an all-natural, liquid garlic based solution that can be sprayed on your lawn.
Nematodes. Nematodes are microscopic roundworms that eat flea larvae. Many people have had success using them in their gardens and yards to keep the flea population under control.
If you’re faced with a situation in which you have no choice but to use a chemical pest preventive on your dog or cat, here are some ways you can reduce the danger:
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